Crafts employ a significant percentage of the population, who primarily sell their products to tourists.  It served as the city's main Friday mosque. Or learning new words is more your thing? The Avenue Mohammed VI, formerly Avenue de France, is a major city thoroughfare. El Badi Palace, built by Ahmad al-Mansur in 1578, was a replica of the Alhambra Palace, made with costly and rare materials including marble from Italy, gold dust from Sudan, porphyry from India and jade from China. In the 12th century, the Almoravids built many madrasas (Quranic schools) and mosques in Marrakesh that bear Andalusian influences. Paul Sullivan cites the souks as the principal shopping attraction in the city: "A honeycomb of intricately connected alleyways, this fundamental section of the old city is a micro-medina in itself, comprising a dizzying number of stalls and shops that range from itsy kiosks no bigger than an elf's wardrobe to scruffy store-fronts that morph into glittering Aladdin's Caves once you're inside.  After al-Ma'mun's death in 1232, his widow attempted to forcibly install her son, acquiring the support of the Almohad army chiefs and Spanish mercenaries with the promise to hand Marrakesh over to them for the sack. The Almohads first built a palace complex on this site in the 12th century, within the newly-built kasbah, but it was completely remodeled by the Saadians in the 16th century and the Alaouites after the 17th century. The minaret is constructed from sandstone and stands 77 metres (253 ft) high. After a period of decline, the city was surpassed by Fez, but in the early 16th century, Marrakesh again became the capital of the kingdom.  Much of its current form has been dated to the 18th century under the reign of Mohammed Ben Abdallah. In accordance with Islam, the carvings contain no representation of humans or animals, consisting entirely of inscriptions and geometric patterns.  Among the tombs are those of Saadian sultan Ahmad al-Mansur and his family; al-Mansur buried his mother in this dynastic necropolis in 1590 after enlarging the original square funeral structure constructed by Abdallah al-Ghalib. The square attracted tradesmen, snake charmers ("wild, dark, frenzied men with long disheveled hair falling over their naked shoulders"), dancing boys of the Chleuh Atlas tribe, and musicians playing pipes, tambourines and African drums. Definition of Marrakech in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Marrakech definition in French dictionary, Marrakech meaning, synonyms, see also 'marrade',marrane',marae',marcaire'.  The Mamounia Gardens, more than 100 years old and named after Prince Moulay Mamoun, have olive and orange trees as well as a variety of floral displays.. , The ramparts of Marrakesh, which stretch for some 19 kilometres (12 mi) around the medina of the city, were built by the Almoravids in the 12th century as protective fortifications. , A severe strain has been placed upon the healthcare facilities of the city in the last decade as the city population has grown dramatically.  Bab Doukkala (in the northwestern part of the city wall) is in general more massive but less ornamented than the other gates; it takes its name from Doukkala area on the Atlantic coast, well to the north of Marrakesh.  Numerous riads and historic residences exist through the old city, with the oldest documented examples dating back to the Saadian period (16th-17th centuries), while many others date from the 19th and 20th centuries. Ciments Morocco, a subsidiary of a major Italian cement firm, has a factory in Marrakech. The palace's main entrance today is to the south, approached via a series of mechouars (official squares) and gates. marrakech translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'marre',marraine',mark',marbre', examples, definition, conjugation Answer 1 of 11: I will be in Morocco for 2 weeks. Contextual translation of "marrakech" from Italian into Arabic.  The Madrasa was re-constructed by the Saadian Sultan Abdallah al-Ghalib (1557–1574) in 1564 as the largest and most prestigious madrasa in Morocco.  In November 2016 the city hosted the 2016 United Nations Climate Change Conference. Despite the global economic crisis that began in 2007, investments in real estate progressed substantially in 2011 both in the area of tourist accommodation and social housing. A riad ( Arabic: رياض ; also spelled " riyad ") is a type of traditional Moroccan or Moorish interior garden or courtyard associated with house and palace architecture.  The International Film Festival of Marrakech, which aspires to be the North African version of the Cannes Film Festival, was established in 2001. , The Jemaa el-Fnaa is one of the best-known squares in Africa and is the centre of city activity and trade. Everything you need to know about life in a foreign country. , The college, which was affiliated with the neighbouring Ben Youssef Mosque, was founded during the Marinid dynasty in the 14th century by Sultan Abu al-Hassan. By road, Marrakesh is 580 kilometres (360 mi) southwest of Tangier, 327 kilometres (203 mi) southwest of the Moroccan capital of Rabat, 239 kilometres (149 mi) southwest of Casablanca, 196 kilometres (122 mi) southwest of Beni Mellal, 177 kilometres (110 mi) east of Essaouira, and 246 kilometres (153 mi) northeast of Agadir. It remains the main square of Marrakesh, used by locals and tourists.  On the P2017 road leading south out of the city are large villages such as Douar Lahna, Touggana, Lagouassem, and Lahebichate, leading eventually through desert to the town of Tahnaout at the edge of the High Atlas, the highest mountainous barrier in North Africa. Criee Berbiere, to the northeast of this market, is noted for its dark Berber carpets and rugs.  The mausoleum comprises the remains of about sixty members of the Saadi Dynasty which originated in the valley of the Draa River. It is mainly composed of Jurassic limestone.  David Prescott Barrows, who describes Marrakesh as Morocco's "strangest city", describes the landscape in the following terms: "The city lies some fifteen or twenty miles [25–30 km] from the foot of the Atlas mountains, which here rise to their grandest proportions. The three main courses are the Golf de Amelikis on the road to Ourazazate, the Palmeraie Golf Palace near the Palmeraie, and the Royal Golf Club, the oldest of the three courses. On the main square – Djemaa El Fna, there are plenty of different stalls selling food, dried fruits, and nuts, souvenirs etc. , The Mellah of Marrakesh is the old Jewish Quarter (Mellah) of the city, located is in the kasbah area of the city's medina, east of Place des Ferblantiers. The area will also include spaces dedicated to exhibitions and restaurants. The blacktopped runway is 4.5 km (2.8 mi) long and 45 m (148 ft) wide.  France used the event as a pretext for sending its troops from the eastern Moroccan town of Oujda to the major metropolitan center of Casablanca in the west. " Marrakesh has several supermarkets including Marjane Acima, Asswak Salam and Carrefour, and three major shopping centres, Al Mazar Mall, Plaza Marrakech and Marjane Square; a branch of Carrefour opened in Al Mazar Mall in 2010. Yusuf ibn Tashfin completed the city's first mosque (the Ben Youssef mosque, named after his son), built houses, minted coins, and brought gold and silver to the city in caravans. His own mausoleum, richly embellished, was modeled on the Nasrid mausoleum in the Alhambra of Granada, Spain. , The Majorelle Garden, on Avenue Yacoub el Mansour, was at one time the home of the landscape painter Jacques Majorelle. Sultan Moulay Hassan's harem resided at the Dar al Baida pavilion, which was within these gardens. Marrakech is rich in culture and so diverse with its historical influences reflected through the beautiful architecture, delicious cuisine and welcoming people. The red walls of the city, built by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122–1123, and various buildings constructed in red sandstone during this period, have given the city the nickname of the "Red City" (المدينة الحمراء) or "Ochre City" (ville ocre).  Cadi Ayyad University was established in 1978 and operates 13 institutions in the Marrakech Tensift Elhaouz and Abda Doukkala regions of Morocco in four main cities, including Kalaa of Sraghna, Essaouira and Safi in addition to Marrakech. , The Moroccan tea culture is practiced in Marrakesh; green tea with mint is served with sugar from a curved teapot spout into small glasses. The Berber population generally uses Amazigh at home, though most people also speak Darija, promoting cohesion … :479 Occupying a large area in the present-day Kasbah quarter, it consists of several grand gardens and courtyards surrounded by various chambers and pavilions.  In the 1990s very few foreigners lived in the city, but real estate developments have dramatically increased in the last 15 years; by 2005 over 3,000 foreigners had purchased properties in the city, lured by its culture and the relatively cheap house prices. There is also a small amphitheater and a symmetrical pool where films are screened. Marrakesh has the largest traditional market (souk) in Morocco, with some 18 souks selling wares ranging from traditional Berber carpets to modern consumer electronics. The Jemaa el-Fnaais one of the best-known squares in Africa and is the centre of city activity and trade.  In February 2001, the Moroccan government signed a loan agreement worth eight million U.S. dollars with The OPEC Fund for International Development to help improve medical services in and around Marrakesh, which led to expansions of the Ibn Tofail and Ibn Nafess hospitals.  The city became the capital of the Almoravid Emirate, stretching from the shores of Senegal to the centre of Spain and from the Atlantic coast to Algiers. The same word "mur" appears in Mauretania, the North African kingdom from antiquity, although the link remains controversial as this name possibly originates from μαύρος mavros, the ancient Greek word for black.  The house itself represents an example of classical Andalusian architecture, with fountains in the central courtyard, traditional seating areas, a hammam and intricate tilework and carvings.  The average elevation of the snow-covered High Atlas lies above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). The number of households in 2014 was 217,245 against 173,603 in 2004. " The museum holds exhibits of both modern and traditional Moroccan art together with fine examples of historical books, coins and pottery produced by Moroccan Jewish, Berber and Arab peoples. How to say Marrakech in English? The Kasbah Mosque overlooks Place Moulay Yazid in the Kasbah district of Marrakesh, close to the El Badi Palace. " Her party called for a 48-hour strike to "protest the plot against the democratic process. From medieval times until around the beginning of the 20th century, the entire country of Morocco was known as the "Kingdom of Marrakesh", as the kingdom's historic capital city was often Marrakesh.  Mansouri became the second woman in the history of Morocco to obtain a mayoral position, after Asma Chaabi, mayor of Essaouira. Examples translated by humans: Ù Ø±Ø§ÙØ´, Ù Ø±Ø§ÙØ´, ÙÙØ¯Ù/Ù Ø±Ø§ÙØ´, Ø¯Ø§Ù Ù Ø±Ø§ÙØ´, ÙÙ(Ù Ø±Ø§ÙØ´)0, Ø¨Ø§Ø±ÙØ³/Ù Ø±Ø§ÙØ´, Ù Ø±Ø§ÙØ´Ø§ÙÙ ØºØ±Ø¨. 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